Budapest is the capital city of Hungary, most populated, financial and cultural city of Hungary. For you to understand better the buildings, history and disposal of the city it’s better you know a little bit of its origin.


Real Palace

Originally a Celtic settlement this city has a lot of World Heritage sites. After the Celtics, the Romans founded a small city – Aquincum (106 DC). Today this territory correspond Obuda region. So, this city was divided into two cities until 1811. One side, Buda and the other side Pest, divided by the Danubio River.

Budapest was dominated by Turkish. After it became the capital together with Vien. Lost two world wars, was dominated by Soviets, survived through a violent revolution in 1956 and became the capital and independent again in 1989.

Buda is the side which is more residential, there are less attraction, restaurants and options for accommodation. Their buildings are from the medieval period. There is located Real Palace that was built in 1308 but destroyed and rebuilt 6 times. His actual version is 1896 and was divided into two museums: Hungary Nacional Gallery and Budapest’s History Museum. If you want a beautiful view of the city there is Savoya Terrace. On the other side of Castle Hill, you can find Fishman’s Bastion, in this building there 7 towers that symbolize the 7 founding leaders of the city. Matias Church is located here too. On the top of the Gellert Hill, there is Liberty Monument, a Statue in the soviets soldiers’ honour, this place has a magnificent landscape of the city. The city is cut off by Danubio River and there are bridges that you can cross the river and get to each side of the city. The first bridge that was built was Chain Bridge.


Liberty Monument

In the Pest side, you can find the Hungarian Parliament, the biggest imponent White build – 1902. Near the Hungarian Parliament, there’s a memorial for Nazis victims – “Shoes on the Danube Bank” – is a line of 40 meters of shoes, sculpted in iron that represents the Jews murdered in the second World War. They were forced to take off their shoes (most valuable belongings at that moment for them) and were targeted on the edge of the river to their bodies falling in the cold river and were taken away.


Shoes on the Danube Bank

On the other side of Parliament building is Etnográfico Museum, where on the wall there are iron balls that symbolizes the bullets fired against student groups that were against the Soviet government in the 1956 revolution. There´s St. Estevan Church (Estevan was one of the Hungarian kings) and in front of this, there´s Gelato Rosa, the homemade ice cream in the shape of a rose. 

Deak Ferenc is Budapest´s meeting point. Surrounding the main square there are many bars and behind the fountain, there’s a nightclub. You can go walking through the elegant Andrassay Avenue where you can visit griff stores, Hungary National Opera house, Horror house (terrorháza). This place was the head office of execution: Nazis in 1944 and Communist in 1945/56. At the end of the avenue you can visit the Heroes Square where there are monuments in honour of the 7 leaders that founded the country and all of the kings from the beginnings of the monarchy.


Heroes Square

There are others historic places to visit and there are many bathhouses too because Budapest has the second biggest thermal water system in the world. On the Jewish district you can see a synagogue, Jewish Museum and the Holocaust Memorial with a sculpture of the “Tree of life” with the victims family names. And you can find various pubs here too.

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Written by Dealage
I´m a Brazilian traveller that love travel around to meet new people and learn more about different cultures.